Mesothelioma – An Introduction

what is mesothelioma

The mesothelium is a membrane that covers & protects most of the internal organs of the body, the mesothelium is composed of two layers of cells, one layer immediately surrounds the organ the other forms a sac like covering. The mesothelium membrane produces a lubricating fluid that is released between these layers, allowing moving organs such as the beating heart and lungs to slide easily against adjacent structures.

The mesothelium is called by different names, depending on where it is located in the body. For e.g. the peritoneum is the mesothelial tissue that covers most of the organs in the abdominal cavity. The pericardium covers and protects the heart. The pleura is the membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the wall of the chest cavity. The pleural cavity is also called the peritoneal cavity.

What is Mesothelioma?

Now the next question that arises is what is Mesothelioma? Mesothelioma or the cancer of the mesothelium is a disease in which cells of the mesothelium become abnormal and divide without control or order. They can invade and damage surrounding tissues and organs. Cancerous cells can also spread called metastasizing from their original place to other parts of the body. Most cases of Mesothelioma begin in the pleural cavity, i.e. the lining around the lungs.

What are the symptoms?

The commonest symptom of mesothelioma is coughing and sneezing. Very often there is associated chest pain, especially when the sufferer has to cough. The most common type of Mesothelioma Cancer is Pleural Mesothelioma. But there are some cases of Mesothelioma in the lung and esophagus.

Can the diagnosis be confirmed?

diagnose Mesothelioma may initially be diagnosed by a chest x-ray. If the chest seems to fill with fluid and if there is a lumpy feeling in the middle of the chest it may be Mesothelioma.

A CT scan is generally used for diagnosis of Mesothelioma. A CT scan is carried out with an instrument that creates images of internal organs without using surgery or needles. The examination of CT scan may also help in diagnosis of other lifestyle diseases that may be Mesothelioma such as chronic coughing and smoking.

How is Mesothelioma treated?

Treatment of Mesothelioma is often grouped into stages. The first stage is dealing with the symptoms. Surgery and chemotherapy are common methods of treating Mesothelioma.

If a patient’s condition is not responding to other treatment measures, a surgical procedure can be performed. Surgery is usually avoided when possible when treatments such as holistic health wellness treatments can work. There are two types of surgeries that are commonly used to treat Mesothelioma. These surgeries are the extracorporeal and Open Surgery.

What is the success rate?

The success rate of a Mesothelioma Surgery depends on many factors. The type of cancer, and whether or not there are other lymphoma strains that affect the same area of the body and have symptoms that are similar to those of Mesothelioma. Whether or not the cancerous state is the primary cause of the trouble is also a factor. There is no guaranteed success rate for any type of surgery. In some cases, if other forms of cancer have been ruled out, the surgery may be highly successful.

Can the surgery be reversed?

The answer to the above is possibly, but there are many reasons as to why a surgery for Mesothelioma might be unsuccessful. InDue diligence, there are factors that one should consider while doing surgery. These factors include:

Does the patient have an alternative form of treatment?

Does the patient havehealth insurance or coverage for the treatment?

Would the operation involve risks that are out of proportion to the benefit of the treatment?

Are there any governmental agencies or caregivers involved in thevessels?

Are there any other medical issues involved such as a treatment plan, consent and monitoring requirements, and third-party involvement?

Can the patient cooperate with the investigators?

What were the patient’s medical and legal history?

Can access to the medical records be granted Immunity?

What were the medical and legal history of the staff that could have been involved with thereplacement surgery?

How many cases like mine have there been?

Why does the staff have to be pharmacists that also know the names of the other several surgeons who have worked on the patient?

Why can the staff travel to different hospitals and medical centers simultaneously without any loss of time?